On-site drug testing was implemented
as a means to identify drug abusing offenders. Most important, drug
testing is used in the Probation Division as a vehicle for substance
abuse treatment and offender rehabilitation. Early identification
and intervention enhances the probation officers' ability to make
appropriate treatment referrals and to effectively link the legal
sanctions of the Court with therapeutic processes of community drug
In October 1997, the 36th District Court established
it's Drug Treatment Court pilot project. The primary goal of the
Drug Treatment Court is to identify substance abusing offenders
and to involve them in substance abuse treatment. The pilot project
was a combined effort of the Court, the City of Detroit Health Department,
The Detroit City Council, The Mayor's Office, Wayne County Sheriff
Department, National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependency and
the Detroit Police Department.
In 1998, the Court was awarded grant funds from
the U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Drug
Court Programs Office, to implement a Drug Treatment Court. Offenders
electing to participate in the program are given the opportunity
to submit to substance abuse treatment and to comply with all other
conditions imposed by the Judge and case managers. Participants
are required to appear for all scheduled status hearings, submit
to urinalysis, attend all treatment sessions and follow-up on all
other referrals, such as job training, parenting classes, aids classes
and educational programs.
The Drug Treatment Court is designed to hold offenders
accountable for their behavior while providing them with rehabilitative
services necessary to maintain a law-abiding lifestyle.
The Victims Impact Panel (VIP) was adopted by
the Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD) in 1989. On April 28, 1990,
the Court's Probation Division, along with the MADD Organization,
implemented the 36th District Court Victims Impact Panel. The program
commended April 28, 1990. The program is designed to enhance mandatory
sentencing of probation, fines, costs or jail time.
The VIP objective is to reduce the recidivism
rate of the drunk driving offenders by explicitly exposing them
to the consequences that may result from drinking and driving.
The purpose of the VIP is to allow the offenders
the opportunity to meet and listen to victims, or family members
of a victim who was in an accident caused by a drunk driver. In
some instances, however, the defendants are victims of their own
drinking and driving. Previously, consideration of the victim was
a key element that had been missing in dealing with these offenders.
The program offers insight into the serious problems
drinking and driving can cause, and the lasting effect it has on
the lives of others. The atmosphere of each panel has evolved into
a caring, emotional, and thought provoking session. Of the 944 offenders
referred to VIP in 1997, 912 attended and completed.
The community service program is a program through
which convicted offenders are placed in unpaid positions with nonprofit
or tax supported agencies to serve a specified number of hours doing
work or service within a given time frame as a sentencing option
or condition of probation. The Community Service Specialist is responsible
for placement, monitoring and notifying the Court of the offenders
compliance. Community service may be used as alternative to a jail
sentence or fines and costs.
There are many perceived advantages to community service.
Value of probationer's service to the community agency
- Therapeutic effects on a probationer such as atonement for misdeed
- Exposure to the work environment Reduction in jail overcrowding
- Symbolic compensation to the community
- Reduction in probation supervision caseload
Driver Improvement School is conducted to improve a driver's chances
of avoiding traffic accidents by improving his/her driving ability,
attitude, and judgment through education.
The class is now offered on-line, 24 hours per
day. You may receive additional information about the class at
by contacting 1.877.972.4665 (toll free).
cost of the class is $60.00 and a certificate will be forwarded to
the judge of record upon completion.