A court hearing at which the defendant is informed of the
specific criminal charges for which he or she is being charged.
This is the first step in your case being processed by the court.
and Claim: The form you complete and file with the
civil division to start a small claims case.
Order of Probation: Used to add or delete information
contained in the original Order of Probation, as recommended by
the judge or probation officer.
Bail or Bail Bond: A promise that the defendant in a misdemeanor
will appear in court when required. This promise is normally guaranteed
by the defendant or someone else posting money or property with
the court. There are four types of bonds: personal recognizance
bond, cash bond, ten-percent bond and a surety bond.
Warrant: An order signed by the sentencing judge when
a defendant has not obeyed the conditions of probation and the defendant
cannot be found.
Judgment: What the court issues when a defendant in
a small claims case fails to appear at a hearing. This results in
a money award to the plaintiff.
The person against whom a lawsuit is started or a crime
The action of the Court when the plaintiff does not
show up for a hearing.
A list of cases set for a hearing by a court on a specific
day. The T & O Division prepares court dockets for cases involving
traffic and ordinance violations.
A crime punishable by more than one year in state prison.
Examples of felonies include homicide, kidnapping, criminal sexual
conduct, and armed robbery.
The decision of the court.
A crime in which the maximum punishment is no more than
one year in jail.
for Discharge: A written directive from the court that
discharges the person from probation. This petition is prepared
if the client has obeyed all the conditions of probation.
to Show Cause: A request filed by a probation officer
with the sentencing judge when a defendant has violated or not obeyed
a condition of probation. Once signed by the judge, the defendant
is ordered to come to court.
A written request made to the court requesting some
type of action.
The person who begins a small claims case.
A defendant's response to a criminal charge, either guilty,
not guilty, or no contest (nolo contender). A no contest plea is
treated the same as a guilty plea, except the defendant does not
have to admit guilt.
Examination: A hearing before a district court judge
following arraignment at which the judge must determine whether
sufficient evidence has been presented so that there is probable
cause to believe that a crime has been committed and that the defendant
committed the crime. Preliminary exams are held on felony cases.
Hearing in a criminal or civil case between the judge and
the attorneys to discuss any questions or matters that can be resolved
prior to the trial itself to assist in expediting or simplifying
Hearing: A hearing before a district court judge in
misdemeanor cases at which the judge must determine whether there
is sufficient evidence to believe that a crime has been committed
and the defendant committed the crime. At this time a defendant
will have an opportunity to enter a plea and a trial date can be
Allowing a defendant convicted of a crime to remain
out of jail or prison as long as they fulfill certain conditions.
Persons on probation are supervised by probation officers. The 36th
District Court has its own probation division.
Order: An official written directive from the court
ordering that a defendant in a criminal case is sentenced to a term
of probation. This document is prepared by a court clerk, signed
by both the judge and the defendant, and includes all legal conditions,
fines, costs, and other special conditions.
of Information: A form signed by a defendant authorizing
a probation officer to legally obtain information about the defendant.
Final step in the legal process, in which a penalty
is applied by a judge for someone who is convicted of or plead guilty
to a crime.
Permit: A legal document giving a person on probation
permission to travel to another state during his or her probation
period. This permit will list specific dates and locations of travel
that the court has allowed.
of Arrest: An order issued by a judge or magistrate to
a police officer requesting the arrest of the person named in the